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The present paper provides an update of previous recommendations on Home Blood Pressure Monitoring from the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring and Cardiovascular Variability sequentially published in years 2000, 2008 and 2010. This update has taken into account new evidence in this field, including a recent statement by the American Heart association, as well as technological developments, which have occurred over the past 20 years. The present document has been developed by the same ESH Working Group with inputs from an international team of experts, and has been endorsed by the ESH.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of hypertension

Publication Date



Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, San Luca Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Neural and Metabolic Sciences Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy Hypertension Center STRIDE-7, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Third Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, Greece Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine and Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Tohoku Institute for the Management of Blood Pressure, Sendai, Japan Foundation-Medical Research Institutes, Geneva Service of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland Hypertension Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Mútua Terrassa, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Cardiology IV, 'A. De Gasperis" Department, ASTT GOM Niguarda Ca' Granda Cardiology/Hypertension Unit Saint André Hospital. University Hospital of Borfeaux, France Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece Primary Care Unit, Department of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Kerckhoff Clinic, Rehabilitation, ESH Excellence Centre, Bad Nauheim, Germany Department of Cardiology and Kolling Institute, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia Hypertension Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA Schulich Heart Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Department of Medicine, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland The Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Experimental Cardiology, Department of Tropical Medicine Institute, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Venezuela Clinical Research Unit, Italian Institute of Telemedicine, Varese, Italy Department of Cardiology, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation Department of Medical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Studium Patavinum, Department of Medicine. University of Padova, Padua Cardiovascular Department, ASST Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy Hypertension Unit, European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Paris, France Arterial Hypertension and Metabolic Unit, University Hospital, Fundacion Favaloro, Argentina Menzies Institute for Medical Research, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, FoLSM, Kings College London, UK Research Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of the University of Zulia, Venezuelan Foundation of Arterial Hypertension. Maracaibo, Venezuela Diagnosis and Therapeutic Center, Paris-Descartes University, AP-HP, Hotel Dieu, Paris, France Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Downstate College of Medicine, State University of New York, Brooklyn, New York, USA Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Lousiana Cardiology Center, University of Connec


Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring and Cardiovascular Variability of the European Society of Hypertension